Men Salah

post-steps-male-salah
Men's Salah - Step by Step Guidance
Step-1: NIYYAH

Perform wudu or ghusal (which is always required). Your cloths and place of salah should also be clean. Make sure your satar is covered. Men’s garment should not hang below their ankles. A person must face the Qiblah (Direction of prayer to Makkah). Make intention quietly or in the mind for which ever Salah you wish to perform. During Salah keep the eye fixed on the spot where the head will be on Sajdah (Prostration) unless otherwise mentioned. Ensure the feet point towards the direction of Qiblah.


Step-2: TAKBIR

Whilst raising both hands in line with the earlobes for men, and to the height of the shoulders for women. Ensure the palm face towards the Qibla. Remember to keep the eyes focused on the place of Sajdah (Prostration). And say,

اَللّٰهُ اَكْبَرْ

ALLAH O AKBAR
Translation: Allah is The Greatest.


Step-3: RECITATION

Place your right hand over your left hand, with thumb and last finger of the right hand wrapped around the wrist of the left hand, and the middle three fingers of the right hand resting along the top of the left arm. Tie your hands under the navel.

سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ

SUBHANAKA ALLAHUMMA WABI HAMDIKA WATA-BARA KASMUKA WATA'ALAA JAD-DUKA WALA ILAHA GHYRUK
Translation: A Glory be to you, O Allah, and all praises are due unto you, and blessed is your name and high is your majesty and none is worthy of worship but you.


Step-4: RECITATION

Whilist remaining standing recite Ta’awwuz and Tasmiyah Silently.

اَعُـوْذُ بِاللّٰهِ مِنَ الشَّيْـطٰنِ الرَّجِيْـمِ

A ‘UDHU BILLAHI MINASH SHAYTANIR RAJIM
Translation: I take refuge with Allah from the accursed devil.

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

BISMILAHIR RAHMANIR RAHEEM
Translation: In the name of Allah, the most Gracious, the most Merciful.


Step-5: RECITATION

Recite Surah tul Fatiha now.

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعٰلَمِیْنَۙ

AL HAMDU LIL LAHI RABBIL ‘ALAMIN
Translation: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the entire Universe.

الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِۙ

ARRAHMANIR RAHIM
Translation: The Most Merciful, the Most Compassionate.

مٰلِكِ یَوْمِ الدِّیْنِؕ

MAALIKI YAWMIDDIN
Translation: The Master of the Day of Recompense.

اِیَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَ اِیَّاكَ نَسْتَعِیْنُ

IYYAKA NA’BUDU WA IYYAKA NASTA’IN
Translation: You alone do we worship and You alone do we turn to for help.

اِهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِیْمَۙ

IHDINAS SIRATAL MUSTAQIM
Translation: Direct us on to the Straight Way.

صِرَاطَ الَّذِیْنَ اَنْعَمْتَ عَلَیْهِمْ غَیْرِ الْمَغْضُوْبِ عَلَیْهِمْ وَ لَا الضَّآلِّیْنَ۠ آمِيْنَ

SIRATAL LADHINA AN’AMTA’ALAIHIM, GHAIRIL MAGHDUBI’ALAIHIM WA LAD DHALLIN (AMIN)
Translation: The way of those whom You have favoured, who did not incur Your wrath, who are not astray.


Step-6: RECITATION

Now Recite any Surah, or a minimum three short Aayats or one long Aayah. Note: A Surah is read following Surah Fatiah in all units of any sunnah and nafil Salah. It is only required in the first two units of any fard Salah.

قُلْ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ اَحَدٌ

QUL HU WAL LAHU AHAD
Translation: Say, He is Allah, the One and Only.

ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ

ALLAHUS SAMAD
Translation: Allah, the Eternal, Absolute.

لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ

LAM YALID WA LAM YULAD
Translation: He begetteth not, nor is He begotten.

وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُۥ كُفُوًا اَحَدٌ

WA LAM YA KUL LAHU KUFUWAN AHAD
Translation: And there is none like unto Him.


Step-7: RUKU

Men should keep the back and arm straight and hold the knees with the fingers apart ensuring the arms do not touch the body. Women should only bend over sufficiently so that the fingers can touch the knees with fingers kept together.

اَللّٰهُ اَكْبَرْ

ALLAH O AKBAR
Translation: Allah is the Greatest.


In Ruku, Recite three times:

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّىَ الْعَظيْمِ

SUBHANA RABBIYAL ADHIM
Translation: How perfect is my lord, The Supreme!


Step-8: QAUMAH

Qaumah is to stand up from Ruku and return to the Qiyyam position keeping your arms straight by your side. While standing up from Ruku recite "TASMEE".

سَمِـعَ اللهُ لِمَـنْ حَمِـدَه

SAMI ALLAHU-LIMAN HAMIDAH
Translation: Allah hears those who praise Him.


And when stood up recite "TAMHEED".

رَبَّنـا َلَكَ الحَمْـدُ

RABBANA LAKAL HAMD
Translation: Our Lord, praise be to You.


Step-9: SAJJDAH

Sujood (Prostration): Then go into prostration in order of; starting by lowering the knees to the ground. (Try to keep the back straight) then the palms of both hands, then nose and finally forehead. Focus the eye towards the nose, the arms should not touch the floor. Both feet should be raised, resting on your toes. Both feet should point out the right and point the toes towards the Qiblah. While going into the Sajjadah.

اَللّٰهُ اَكْبَرْ

ALLAH O AKBAR
Translation: Allah is The Greatest.


Recite three times in Sajjdah.

سُبْـحانَ رَبِّـيَ الأَعْلـٰى

SUBHANA RABBIYAL AALA
Translation: How Perfect is my Lord, the Highest.


Step-10: TASHAHHUD

Get up from the floor reciting the "TAKBIR" in order of forehead first, nose, and then hands. Sit upright (Jalsa) and place the palms on the lower thigh but not on the knees. you shuld sit on your left foot and have your right foot raised, resting on the toes. In Qad’dah set your eyes betwen the front of your hands in your lap. Rest for a moment then say "ALLAH O AKBAR" and prostrate again for a second time reciting "TASBEEH".


Step-11: QUOOD

Get up from second Sajjdah and stand up back to the Qiyaam position. This completes one Rak’aah (unit) of prayer. The second Rak’aah is performed in the same way but do not Recite Thaana and Ta’awwuz, start from Tasmiyah.


Step-12: TASHAHHUD

Get up from the second Sajjdah and stand up back to the Qiyaam position. This completes on Rak’aah (unit) of prayer. The second Rak’aah is performed in the same way but do not recite Sana and Ta’wwuz, start from Tasmiyah. At Tashahhud in the second Rak’aah after second prostration remain seated (Qad’ah) and recite quietly.

التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ

ATTAHIYYAATU LILLAHI WAS SALAWATU WATTAYYIBATU
Translation: All compliments, all physical prayer and all monetary worship are for Allah.

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ

ASSALAMU ALAIKA AYYUHANNABI 'YU 'WARAHMATULLAHI WABARKA'TUHU
Translation: Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet, and Allah's mercy and blessings.

السَّلامُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ

ASSALAMU ALAINA WA'ALA'IBADILLAHIS SAA'LIHEEN
Translation: Peace be on us and on all righteous slaves of Allah.


Step-13: TASHAHHUD

Whilist reciting at "Tashahhud" when word "ASH HADU ALLAH ILAAHA" are recited, use the right hand to form a circle with a middle finger and the thumb and raise the index finger high enough for it to face the Qiblah. Drop the finger back down again after reciting "ILLAL-LAHU" (then Allah). If you are performing the Rak’aahs (Maghrib) or four Rak’aahs (Zohr, Asar, Isha), then stand up after Tashahhud.

اَشْـهَدُ اَنْ لَّا اِلٰـهَ اِلاّ اللهُ وَاَشْـهَدُ اَنَّ مُحَمّـداً عَبْـدُهٗ وَرَسُـْولُهٗ

ASH'HAD'U'UN LA ILAHAILLALLAHU WA ASH'HADU ANNA MUHAMMADUN ABD'UHU WA RASOOLUH
Translation: I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except Allah. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.


Step-14: TASHAHHUD

After reciting "Tashahhud", now recite "DUROOD", recite any of these or any other Sunnah.

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ﴿﴾ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيم ﴿﴾ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ

ALLAHUMMA SALLI ALA MUHAMMADIN WA 'ALA AALI MUHAMMAD, KAMA SALLAITA 'ALA IBRAHEEMA WA 'ALA AALI IBRAHEEMA, INNAKA HAMEEDUM MAJEED
Translation: Oh Allah, send grace and honour on Muhammad and On the family and true followers of Muhammad just as you sent Grace and Honour on Ibrahim and on the family and true followers of Ibrahim. Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.

اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ﴿﴾ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيم ﴿﴾ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ

ALLAHUMMA BAARIK 'ALA MUHAMMADIN, WA ALA AALI MUHAMMAD, KAMA BARAKTA 'ALA IBRAHIMA WA ALA AALI IBRAHIMA, INNAKA HAMEEDUM MAJEED
Translation: Oh Allah, send your blessing on Muhammad and the true followers of Muhammad, just as you sent blessings on Ibrahim and his true followers. Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.


Step-15: DUA

After reciting "Durood", now recite any of these or any other Sunnah Duaa’s.

رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلَاةِ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِي ۚ رَبَّنَا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعَآءِ

RABBIJ ALNI MUQEEMAS SALATI WA MIN ZURRIYATI RABBANA WA TAQABBAL DU’A
Translation: My Lord, make me an establisher of prayer, and [many] from my descendants. Our Lord, and accept my supplication.

رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْحِسَابُ

RABBANAGHFIRLI WA LIWALIDAYYA WA LIL MU'MININA YAUMA YAQUMUL HISAB
Translation: Our Lord! Forgive me, And my parents and the believers on the Day of Judgement.


Step-16: SALAAM

Now turn your face to look at your right shoulder whilst saying.

اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ

AS’SALAMU A’LAIKUM WARAHMATUL’LAH
Translation: May the Peace and Mercy of Allah be upon you.


Now turn your face to at your left shoulder whilst saying,

اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ

AS’SALAMU A’LAIKUM WARAHMATUL’LAH
Translation: May the Peace and Mercy of Allah be upon you.


After Salaah, it if of great blessing to make Dua (Asking for your needs) to lift up your Hands to make Dua is loved by Almighty Allah, and is also Sunnah.

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